English | Italian

Construction of a Children's House

To fight against child malnutrition in southern Senegal

Balouo Salo casa dei bambini progetto Location: Baghere village, Sedhiou Region, Senegal, Africa
Project status: On-coming
Our commitment: Construction, training, supervision, equipment, medical supplies.
Donors: Private, 5x1000, Kaira Looro
Architectural project: On-going Construction: Balouo Salo team, Raoul Vecchio (project leader), M. Ndiaye (construction site manager), M.Saminanko, O. Mballo, A. Korobong, O.Fay. Institutional partners: Kaira Looro, Municipality of Baghere
Other partners: Khalif de Baghere, Diwan de Baghere, Women's Associations, Tanaff na Banko
Number of beneficiaries: all children under 5 at risk of malnutrition and incitement women

Introduction

The project aims to create a Children's Home in the village of Baghere (Sedhiou Region, Senegal), a space intended to combat child malnutrition, through the supply of nutritional material, the organization of visits by doctors and nurses. , the hospitality of subjects at risk and the training of community nurses who can sensitize local families on nutrition to lead them towards an adequate dietary lifestyle and which can favor the regular growth of children. The beneficiary community is, in fact, one of the poorest and most disadvantaged in the entire country, being the Sedhiou Region among the least developed. . The project is part of a rural area where accessibility to primary services such as medical facilities and wells with drinking water are absent, so the population is forced to draw on often contaminated water resources, in addition to the insistence of climate change and the widespread poverty is the main cause of malnutrition especially among children under the age of 5. In fact, adequate nutrition for children is the foundation of survival and psycho-physical development. Well fed individuals are able to grow regularly, learn and participate in social life.


Goals

The project involves the creation and organization and organization of a space intended to combat child malnutrition, through the supply of nutritional material, the organization of visits by doctors and nurses, the hospitality of people at risk and the training of nurses. communities that can sensitize local families on nutrition to lead them towards an adequate dietary lifestyle and that can favor the regular growth of children. Almost 2 out of 3 children are in fact at risk of malnutrition and 1 out of 10 risk mortality, for this reason it is essential to act and create an organized system of assistance and accompaniment through community nurses and the granting of therapeutic foods, but also to lay the foundations for an adequate awareness of the risks of malnutrition in order to develop community practices for the prevention and treatment of individuals at risk and those affected.

Malnutrizione e sviluppo
The children of today will be the leaders of tomorrow. Ensuring them adequate development is essential to build a better future, however, today, 149 million children WORLDWIDE suffer from stunting due to nutritional problems, caused by poverty, climate change, conflicts and crises. Adequate nutrition, especially in the first 5 years of life, means promoting the psycho-physical growth necessary for the development of all the skills necessary to participate in social life. Therefore, the second objective of the Sustainable Developments Goals is Zero Fame by 2030. In fact, adequate nutrition for children is the foundation of survival and psycho-physical development. Well fed individuals are able to grow regularly, learn and participate in social life.

The project aims to create a reference point for the community in the fight against malnutrition through the organization of a team of community nurses and the provision of therapeutic foods for those at risk. The fundamental objective is also to raise awareness and accompany the community on good nutritional practices and the correct use of food resources in order to provide children and women with the necessary nutrients to make them safe and promote the adequate psycho-physical growth of children. . The Children's Home will work closely with local medical guards and hospitals to reduce the risk rate and act promptly for those at risk.


The activities

The Children's Home will have a local committee that will manage and collaborate with hospitals and medical guards. A team of community nurses will be organized and created who will have the task of raising awareness in the community and, together with the medical guards, choosing the appropriate treatment for individuals at risk by offering them therapeutic nutritional material and offering free assistance.
Among the main activities:
- Supply of therapeutic food and medical supplies;
- Reception and hospitality of people at risk;
- Creation of a management and monitoring committee;
- Creation and management of an informative website;
- Creation of a team of community nurses;
- Creation and management of an emergency and assistance line;
- Collaborations with medical guards and hospitals;
- Nutrition courses and seminars;
- Creation of a radio program;
- Organization of missions of specialists.


Childhood malnutrition

In fact, adequate nutrition for children is the foundation of survival and psycho-physical development. Unfortunately, today, at least one in three children under the age of five suffers from malnutrition in its most visible forms: stunting, wasting and overweight.

In fact, adequate nutrition for children is the foundation of survival and psycho-physical development. Well fed individuals are able to grow regularly, learn and participate in social life. Unfortunately, today, at least one in three children under the age of five suffers from malnutrition in its most visible forms: stunting, wasting and overweight. Around 149 million children under the age of five in the world suffer from stunting. They are too short for their age and their brains risk not developing to their full cognitive potential, thus hindering the ability to learn as children, earn as adults and contribute fully to community development. Wasting affects 45 million children. These are excessively thin, have weakened immune systems and are at risk of death, and therefore require urgent care to survive. Overweight affects nearly 39 million children. This is due to the change in global food systems and the increase in the consumption of processed foods rich in fat, sugar and salt. Childhood overweight is on the rise in every region of the world, particularly in middle-income countries.

Other less visible forms of malnutrition, such as "hidden hunger", can occur when children become deficient in essential vitamins and other micronutrients. These micronutrient deficiencies affect more than 340 million children under the age of 5 worldwide, retarding their growth, weakening their immune systems and impairing the development of cognitive abilities.

In pregnancy, childhood and adolescence, diets are a major cause of malnutrition in all its forms. The inaccessibility to adequate nutrition and health care by pregnant and lactating mothers strongly affect the health of children.

Poverty, instability in food markets, environmental crises, epidemics, emergencies, conflicts, wars, illiteracy, lack of infrastructure, inaccessibility to medical care and discrimination contribute to the spread of malnutrition.

Although our planet has provided us with enormous resources, hunger is still the leading cause of death in the world today, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia. Countries with a worrying GHI (Global Hunger Index) include Chad, Madagascar, Yemen, Syria, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo and Somalia. Malnutrition, especially childhood malnutrition, therefore represents one of the priority health and development problems worldwide and for this reason it is Goal number 2 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals: ZERO HUNGER BY 2030!


Beneficiaries

The village of baghere is located in a rural area of ​​southern Senegal, in one of the least developed regions of the country with a risk of malnutrition of 2 out of every 3 children, due to poverty and desertification < br>

The project is located in the village of Baghere, the capital of the municipality of the same name. However, due to the proximity and distribution of the fundamental connections, the project does not only affect Baghere but also some neighboring villages and municipalities. The choice of the village, in fact, is logistically strategic to cover a wider and more needy catchment area, also according to the main flows of affluence in the area determined by the presence of markets or structures such as high school, medical service, cultural center. Baghere is adjacent to the village of Bakidioto and only 800 meters away from Tanaff. The social and commercial relations with Tanaff are such that Baghere and Tanaff can be considered a single pole in which various interests converge. Tanaff has a purely commercial character while Baghere has a religious character due to the presence of the family of the historian Marabout Younouss Aidara, whose tomb in the Baghere mosque makes it a pilgrimage village. Not far from Baghre the villages of Diarifa, very isolated and deep inland, and that of Tabandian located on the road that connects Baghere with the municipality of Dioudoubou and leading to Sandinieri, the only connection with the regional capital of Sedhiou.
The presence of the neighboring road N6 which connects Ziguinchor with Kolda, and the Tanaff station which is almost halfway, means that the area presents itself as a strategic stopping point from which numerous indirect beneficiaries can also derive. cities to the other stop in the intervention area. A settlement area for the project is identified below (Baghere-Bakidioto), an area of ​​direct beneficiaries (Baghere-Bakidioto- Tanaff- Diarifa) and an area of ​​indirect beneficiaries given by the communities residing in the villages adjacent to those of area of ​​direct beneficiaries, these villages are: Talicourtou, Badin, Sansancoutoto, Bissary. These villages, due to their proximity and relationships with direct villages, could therefore be considered direct beneficiaries. This analysis therefore provides an estimate of direct and indirect beneficiaries according to the connections and relationships of the villages, and does not consider an additional number of occasional beneficiaries. In demographic terms, the following table indicates the distribution in the direct beneficiary villages, thus offering a number of useful users to which the direct beneficiaries should be added. The demographic data is based on data from the Plan de Developpement Commune de aghere (2016-18), the national index data of the ministry (2013), the Plan de developpement regional (2016-18)) and the Pland e developpement departmental (2016 -18), to which appropriate statistical corrections were applied on the basis of national and regional trends, and on corrective factors assessed on the basis of the comparison of development conditions between rural and urban areas of the country. These surveys make it possible to determine the beneficiary demographics as of 2021.

Current conditions

The project is part of a rural area where accessibility to primary services and infrastructures are absent. Within a radius of 30km there is only one medical center which in terms of characteristics is more similar to a medical guard. Due to climate change, erosion, the absence of water and sewage networks, and structured landfills, the subsoil and the contaminated aquifer from which it follows that most of the digested food is risky for minors. Widespread poverty (97%) means that families do not have the necessary resources to give adequate nutrition to women and children, who are weaned at an early age depriving them of basic foods that already put them at risk. The diet is low in micro and macro nutrients, so many of the children suffer from stunting. Cases of diarrhea very often lead to malnutrition, which in families with difficulties is not understood and therefore is not even treated as such, causing immediate and long-term damage. Medical treatment is excessively expensive for the average family, so traditional medicine is often reminded of, however, it fails to assess the real health status of a child at risk of malnutrition.


The construction


The architectural project was selected by the jury of the fundraising event "Kaira Looro 2022 Architecture Competition", chaired by the famous Japanese architect Kengo Kuma. The architecture of the Children's House is ecological, inspired by local traditions, which can be self-built with the local community and which makes use of local and natural materials to limit the impact on the environment and enhance the resources of the territory, so profitability on the community is also to be generated. The choice of materials and technologies is consistent with the principles of sustainability and self-construction, as the project will be built by volunteers in a context of humanitarian intervention with the beneficiary associations and communities. This approach is crucial to promote the appropriation of the project and to associate educational activities on ecological and sustainable construction technologies capable of preserving the environment, responding to climate change and improving the quality of life. Designing with local materials, accessible to all, both economically and logistically, is important to ensure that the technology can be acquired and reproduced by the community in the future.
The project will be built with a team of volunteers and the participation of the beneficiary community. The architecture will have to accommodate the following activities which will correspond to areas designed independently or related to each other, according to the designer's idea. 1. Administration. There must be a space for the administration of the Children's Home, intended for the management and organization of activities for up to 8 people. Meetings and training activities may also take place in this area. 2. Deposit. One of the objectives of the project is to provide support material to those at risk, such as therapeutic food or other medical material, therefore it is necessary to have a warehouse of about 20 square meters. 3. Welcome and Hospitality. There must be a space where medical examinations of children can take place, and if they are at risk there must be the possibility of offering free hospitality so as to facilitate monitoring and care. Dormitories with approximately 8 beds and dressing rooms with bathrooms should be provided. 4. Ludic-recreational. The psychological aspect is also important in caring for affected children or those at risk of malnutrition, therefore a space will be needed in which children can play safely even with the support of assistants or family members.


Simona Diebate



The death of a 2-year-old girl in 2020 led us to carry out studies on the territory and ascertain the presence of the problem. the center will be dedicated to her to ensure that no other child can ever die of malnutrition again.

In 2018 the family of the two founders of Balouo Salo saw the birth of a baby named "Simona Diebate", this unsolved name was given to pay homage to the president Raoul Vecchio by giving him the name of his wife. In 2020, close to the COVID19 Pandemic, Simona suffered severe diarrhea due to the contaminated water from the wells. This weakened her so much that she was almost unable to eat. From diarrhea she passed to a malnutrition state that prevented her from acquiring those basic foods to fight the infection and regain energy. Despite the ups and downs following visits to hospitals 100km away, she died in 2020.

"It is not permissible for people to die of malnutrition today, I do not accept it and we will not stand by and watch. Simona's disappearance forces us to do our best to prevent other children from dying of malnutrition. The Children's Home will bring the his name . " Raoul Vecchio, president of Balouo Salo.


Location


Partners & Supporters

Kaira Looro

Main donors:

- KAIRA LOORO is the most important architecture competition for students for the development of architectural projects for development and emergencies. Visit the website:www.kairalooro.com.


Support the project

- by a donation by PayPal o Card
You can support us with a liberal donation by clicking on the following link:
https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=TLWTVBEKUVML6&source=url

- by facebook
To launch a fundraising through facebook click on the following link and follow the instructions https://www.facebook.com/fund/balouosalo/

- by Bank transfer
to "Associazione Balouo Salo"
c/c bancario num. 000103238460 - Agenzia 00483 Unicredit Corso Italia Catania
IBAN   IT96I0200816934000103238460 
BIC     UNCRITM1H36


Galleria

Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo  casa dei bambini senegal
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo casa dei bambini senegal balouo salo
Balouo Salo  casa dei bambini senegal