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Lotta ai cambiamenti climatici

Balouo Salo Località: Region de Sedhiou, Senegal, Africa
Inizio progetto: 2019
Il nostro supporto: semenza, consulenza, assistenza, sensibilizzazione
Stesura e analisi: Raoul Vecchio, Dario Distefano
Stato: Working progress
Donatori: Privates, 5x1000, Il Mio Dono, Kaira Looro
Collaborazioni senegalesi: Jamm Senegal
Beneficiari: 15.000 indiretti


Il Progetto

For over 50 years, there has been talk of climate change and how these are directly and indirectly influenced by human actions. Indeed, the main cause of CO2 emissions are anthropogenic activities, so much so that the concentration went from 280 parts per million in the pre-industrial era to 440 ppm in 2017. According to data from the WMO (World Weather Organization), the average temperature of 2016 was 1.1 ° more than ever before the industrial revolution (1880); we are close to those + 2 ° that scientists define the point of no return, beyond which we must expect catastrophic implications. The most tangible and devastating effects of climate change have already started to leave indelible stains in communities for about twenty years, warning society about the seriousness of the situation and the need to adopt global prevention measures. On the basis of these considerations, the project in question was born which aims to plant a forest / park in an area of ​​southern Senegal affected by climate change whose effects are desertification, contamination of the aquifer, increase in temperatures, acidification of the soil, salinization of the waters. This area will allow you to create a model that can be exported all over the country, and will encourage the creation of a microclimate that can contribute to the preservation of the environment through a greater absorption of CO2, better cooling of the basin, a rise in the water table and purification of the subsoil. . The consequences of these serious environmental phenomena are one of the major causes of social degradation, poor economic conditions, diseases, loss of farms and fishing with consequent malnutrition. Through this project we intend to start a process of reforestation and recovery of climatic conditions, thus promoting the creation of a climate favorable to man and the environment, regenerating the ecosystem.
The project also wants to be an invitation to local and international communities to take action to produce models of regeneration and environmental recovery, thus preserving our planet and improving the living conditions of communities in difficulty. The park is designed to be an area open to the community and to any visitors, a place to explore, know and live, to regain possession of the territory and rediscover the natural bond that exists between man and nature. The planting of the new trees will in fact be given away by the needs of the species and linked to each other by naturalistic, didactic and rest areas. The aim of the park is also to allow the re-appropriation of nature, to know it and learn to respect it as a fundamental element for the life of man and the planet in general. The park will become a place accessible to anyone, welcoming and in close relationship with nature and the landscape even in its architectural language, made without the use of polluting materials.


The context and the objectives

Senegal is a country that is heavily undergoing climate change with devastating consequences for rural communities. Deforestation, coastal erosion, death of rice fields, salinization of rivers, death of pastures are the consequences of an ecosystem that is slowly degrading due to global pollution. In southern Senegal, there are no infrastructures that allow the community to combat and resist climate change, so the consequences have a strong impact on the living conditions of populations suffering from malnutrition, disease and poverty. Malnutrition and poverty because the context is purely rural and therefore the lack or impoverishment of agricultural activities causes a lack of food and economic supply for sustenance. Health problems caused by 60% of the contamination of well waters which are devastated by microbiological effects due to the depletion of the soil, its acidification and contamination. The project intends to offer a model of response to climate change through the cultivation of tree species and the creation of a new area capable of absorbing CO2, decontaminating the aquifer and the soil, and creating a fresh and healthy microclimate for quality improvement of life and health in the community. The intervention area has a catchment area of ​​30,000 people and 20 villages. The absorption of CO2, the rising of the aquifer and the decontamination of the soil or the creation of a fresh and natural microclimate has an impact in the area surrounding the park within a radius of 8 km, touching 15,000 people. The recovery of agricultural fields and decontamination of the aquifer generated by the presence of the park will then indirectly have an impact on a community of 25,000 people.


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