Start project: 2020
Our supports: Architectural design, construction management, building materials
Design: Changze Cai from Kaira Looro Architecture competition
Status: On Going
Donors: Privates, 5x1000, Il Mio Dono, Kaira Looro
Senegalese collaborations: Ministere de la Culture de la Republique du Senegal, Prefecture de Sedhiou, Commune de Sedhiou, Centre Culturel de Sedhiou, Chambre de Commerce de Sedhiou
Number of beneficiaries: 50.000
Intercultural hostility and the exploitation of resources on the African continent have triggered a succession of armed conflicts resulting in millions of innocent lives lost and refugees seeking hope in a better life elsewhere. Communities annihilated. Villages and cities torn to the ground. Nations in chaos. Remembering the victims through the universal value of peace can help to lay the foundation for the creation of an inclusive and cohesive society. Contemplation, memory, and compassion are the values that commemorative architecture must convey in order to build a better world. The area in question was scarred by the Casamance conflicts which, despite having ended approximately a decade ago, left an indelible stain on the community’s memory. Villages were burned to the ground and many families were forced to flee to other countries or cities in search of safety. As in the case of the aforementioned conflict, many are the humanitarian disasters that, due to cultural or religious differences or in an effort to grab Africa’s resources, have caused millions of deaths and created innumerable refugees. Many of these conflicts, despite their devastation, are ignored by the international community and occasionally, due to the lack of communication on the African continent, remain unknown even among African communities themselves. Past events, albeit tragic, must inspire us to build a world based on peace, equality, and solidarity. Commemorating the victims of African wars through the value of peace is a fundamental step in building an inclusive and cohesive society, so that such events may never be repeated in the future. The focus of this project is to create a pavilion for the promotion of universal peace which inspires contemplation, reflection, and prayer for those who unjustly lost their lives. The architecture of the pavilion must create a multifunctional space in which it will be possible to mount permanent and temporary exhibits by artists who share the values of peace and historical memory, but also a place where individuals can retrace and learn about Africa’s history through photographs and documents. Knowledge and sharing are essential elements for transforming the pavilion into a beacon of awareness. Furthermore, an area will be created in which to contemplate what happened, by praying for the victims or reflecting on the past, immersed in a metaphysical space that gives proper significance to memory. The pavilion will be open to the public and accessible to everyone. It will respect all cultures, genders, and religions.
Peace pavilion Gently float on the ground and blend into the base landscape in a humble posture. Stepping onto the suspended pedestal and entering through a narrow doorway, it is a courtyard enclosed by a wooden structure colonnade. The sun shines in from the top of courtyard and shines on the wooden box in the middle. The simple sequence expresses the tranquility of the space.People can walk, communicate and sit quietly in the courtyard to feel the stability and tranquility of their homes in the peaceful times. On the one hand, the courtyard provides a space for people to communicate with each other. On the other hand, it also improves the microclimate of the building and increases the indoor ventilation effect. Work into the corridor from the courtyard, the long corridor sensitively accommodates the rhythm of the footsteps, and the sound of the courtyard. the light coming in from the hole in the clay wall, sprinkled in the hallway, leading people to the area of prayer and contemplation,Along the steps,you come to the contemplative space, Mood slowly settled and brew a mood that is in harmony with the contemplative atmosphere. Along the wooden pillars arranged longitudinally on both sides, the line of sight extends forward. The narrow and long gap between the two exhibition halls allows you to see the outside world. But as you pass by, the scenery outside the building will fade slowly and eventually fade away as the angle changes. It encourages visitors to reflect on and remember the relentlessness of the turmoil and its depression, as well as the fresh life that has fallen from the war, but most importantly, to look forward to a peaceful and beautiful world and the future. Light shines through the gap between the eaves and the rammed earth wall, hits the wall, increases the quietness of space, and the space in this area materializes the meaning of peace.
The prediction of local technology and the understanding of the spatial characteristics of the "Peace Pavilion" make us finally choose the construction method of using rammed earth wall and wood frame. Consider using local rammed earth and local wood to create a space that fits the theme. The spatial interface is defined by the inner timber structure and the outer rammed earth.Light fuses the two materials together.
The Peace Pavilion is a system which combines rammed earth wall and timber structure system. The internal and external space interface is defined by external rammed earth wall and inner timber. The structure system is clear and simple, and the construction difficulty is low. You can build it as follows Firstly, the foundation is poured on the foundation, rammed earth wall and wooden structure pillars are built on the foundation, then wooden roof truss is built on wooden structure pillars, wooden roof truss is exposed, wooden beams and wooden pillars are bolted to form a directional wooden structure, finally purlin, Watchboard and roof iron sheet are erected on the wooden structure, and finally the construction of "Peace Pavilion" is completed.